Raft Math Assignments For 1st

Writing Across the Curriculum: R.A.F.T. Prompts for Math Class
building a writing prompt that challenges students to think deeply about math

Classroom writing assignments can feel very unauthentic to our students. Think about it. Students generally feel as though they--a single voice--are writing down their words to hand to an audience of one--the teacher--for evaluation. And let's face it. Usually the writing turned in to the teacher would register pretty low on Bloom's Taxonomy; like it or not, most student writing assignments ask learners to do little more than regurgitate information from notes or research. In the real world, no one writes like this, and thus, school writing assignments can feel very contrived. And our students are much more aware of this than we give them credit for.

Enter the RAFT writing assignment. Its sole purpose is to make writing feel more authentic in two ways: 1) students are asked to think and write from a real world person's perspective, and they are asked to shape their ideas to appeal to an audience outside the classroom; 2) because they are considering perspective as they go through the writing process, students are being asked to think at a much deeper level of Bloom's Taxonomy. It's no wonder R.A.F.T. writing assignment have become very popular in the last decade, especially with content area teachers who are looking for ways to use more writing across the curriculum in their classrooms.

What is a RAFT Writing Assignment? R.A.F.T. writing prompts challenge students to assume a Role before writing, to write for an imaginary Audience, to write using a given Format, to write about a certain Topic. This is a simple but powerful technique that will inspire more thoughtful writing from yourself or your students.

A Bonus Letter! Sometimes you might also assign your students a Strong Verb to keep in mind as he/she writes, transforming the R.A.F.T. prompt into a R.A.F.T.S. prompt. If you assign strong verbs like convince, encourage, assure, or sway, then you have just transformed the prompt into a persuasive writing activity, which registers even higher on Bloom's Taxonomy. In Northern Nevada, we features R.A.F.T.S. writing prompts at our Persuasive Writing In-service Classes and Workshops, and our math, science, and social studies teachers always find great value in designing thoughtful RAFTS together. On our R.A.F.T. Homepage, you can access the worksheets we use when we help teachers design these thoughtful, content-based writing prompts.

You can also let the interactive machine below help you design a serendipitous R.A.F.T.S. prompt. The five buttons below, once pressed, will help you begin to imagine a R.A.F.T.S. writing prompt about a math topic for you or for your students to write about.  If one of the button's choices doesn't seem to work, feel free to click it again.  Your job here is to create a R.A.F.T.S. writing prompt that you or someone else could actually write about and learn from while writing.

Ready to try?  Start clicking the buttons below until you have an idea for a R.A.F.T.S. assignment to be used in class.

4th grade is a wonderful adventure!!!

RAFT Assignments

​RAFT books 

We will be working on RAFT projects as a type of reading response in our class.  RAFTs will be mostly done in class, but we might take a RAFT assignment home once or twice this year as well.  This is going to be a great way to respond to literature in a creative, interesting way.

There are specific books the kids can check out from the classroom, take home, read, and do a little project in response to what they've read. It has to be done with books from the classroom because each book has a specific project that reflects the content ofeach book.

Here's what RAFT stands for:
Role is the role the kids take. What character in the book are you pretending to be? I told the kids that it was like "who's head are you thinking from".
Audience is for whom are you doing this thing? What character in the book will be receiving your project?
Format is what you are creating. Is it a letter? A quilt? An invitation to a party?
Topic is what you're talking about in that format.What will your thing be in regards to?

Each RAFT assignment is specific to each book. I modeled this with the kids with a book called Sitting Ducks. For Sitting Ducks, the RAFT was R: the duck, A: thealligator, F: a letter, T: we'll be friends for life. So I read the book to the kids. Then I demonstrated writing a letter to the alligator telling him what great friends we were because he saved me from the factory, then from the Decoy Cafe, then we saved the other ducks and flew to Florida together.
Here are some examples of what they created in class.  The highlighted sections are where they included evidence from the text.

Steps for Completing a RAFT Assignment:
1.  Check out a RAFT book from our classroom RAFT books.
2.  First, read the book just for fun, just to enjoy the story.
3.  Read your RAFT card to figure out what you're asked to do.
4.  Re-read the book,concentrating on what parts you're going to use in your project.
5.  Complete your project.  Make sure you include evidence from the text.  Make sure that you include specific details that show that you actually read the book.
6.  Put your name and date on your project.
7.  Hand the project to Mrs. Kinseth, return your book to the classroom collection of RAFT books.
Raft Scoring Guide
____/4 Projectsetup
     o Did you include:
           o name on project
           o date
           o title of the book (underlined, of course!)
     o Did you do neat, careful work?
____/2  Role
     o Did you stay in the role assigned on your card?
     o Did you take on the role effectively?
____/2  Audience
     o Did you address the people assigned on your card?
____/2  Format
     o Did you stay in the format assigned on your card?
     o Did you use the format effectively and creatively?
____/2  Topic
     o Did you address the topic assigned?
     o Did you talk about the topic effectively and creatively?
____/8 OverallQuality
     oAccuracy – Did you present information based on what you read in your book?
     oEvidence from text – Do you have at least 3 details from the book?
     oConventions – Did you avoid errors in capitalization, punctuation, grammar, and spelling?
     oOverall Quality – Was your best efffort evident?  Was your project neat and well organized?            
______/20 Total Score
Scoring Guide
18-20 Advanced
16-17 Proficient
14-15 Basic
13-0  Below Basic
Printer friendly version ofthe scoring guide
Here are several examples of RAFT assignments: 
Anissa read the book, The Star Spangled Banner.   Her raft assignment looked like this:
R:  American Soldier in charge of flag
A:  his family
F:  a letter
T:  last night at Ft. McHenry 
Here's what her project looked like:
Kenadi read the book, Tar Beach.   Her raft assignment looked like this:
R:  Cassie
A:  Diary
F:  Diary entry
T:  the view from up here
Here's what her project looked like:
Jake read the book, A Drop Around the World.   His raft assignment looked like this:
R:  A drop of water
A:  the world
F:  a travel itinerary
T:  my trip around the world starting and ending in San Diego 
Here's what his project looked like:
Ryan read the book, Voices in the Park.   His raft assignment looked like this:
R:  1st voice
A:  2nd voice
F:  a letter
T:  you don't belong in my park
Here's what his project looked like:
Gia read the book, If This Bus Could Talk.   Her raft assignment looked like this:
R:  Rosa Parks
A:  Smithsonian Museum committee
F:  speech
T:  Why you should have this bus in your museum 
Here's what her project looked like:
Tianna read the book, You Can't Take a Balloon in the Metropolitan Museum.   Her raft assignment looked like this:
R:  Balloon
A:  tourists
F:  postcard
T:  Why you should visit the Metropolitan Museum
Here's what her project looked like:
Olivia read the book, Weather Words and What they Mean.   Her raft assignment looked like this:
R: Weather Channel reporter
A: viewers
F: broadcast report
T: essential weather vocabulary 
Here's what her project looked like:
Eduardo read the book, The Moon Book.   His raft assignment looked like this:
R: Moon
A: Earth
F: Illustrated letter
T: My journey 
Here's what his project looked like:

​Our actual RAFT assignment cards.
Here are several explanations of RAFT assignments:
From ReadWriteThink: 
The more often students write, the more proficient they become as writers.  RAFT is a writing strategy that helps students understand their role as a writer and how to effectively communicate their ideas and mission clearly so that the reader can easily understand everything written.  Additionally, RAFT helps students focus on the audience they will address, the varied formats for writing, andthe topic they'll be writing about. By using this strategy, teachers encourage students to write creatively, to consider a topic from multiple perspectives,and to gain the ability to write for different audiences. In the book, Strategic Writing, Deborah Dean explains that writing for differing purposes and audiences may require using different genres, different information, and different strategies. Developing a sense of audience and purpose in writing, in all communication, is an important part of growth as a writer.
RAFT assignments encourage students to uncover their own voices and formats for presenting their ideas about content information they are studying.  Students learn to respond to writing prompts that require them to think about various perspectives:
•  Role of the Writer: Who are you as the writer? A moviestar? The President? A plant?
•  Audience: To whom are you writing? A senator? Yourself? A company?
•  Format: In what format are you writing? A diary entry? A newspaper?  A love letter?
•  Topic: What are you writing about?
Here's an explanation of RAFT assignments from The Tantasqua School District: 
What is it?
The RAFT strategy (Santa,1988) employs writing-to-learn activities to enhance understanding of informational text. Instead of writing a traditional essay explaining a concept learner, students demonstrate their understanding in a nontraditional format.This technique encourages creative thinking and motivates students to reflect in unusual ways about concepts they have read. RAFT is an acronym that standsfor :
   · Role of the writer: What is the writer's role: reporter, observer, eyewitness, object, number,etc.?
   · Audience:Who will be reading the writing: the teacher, other students, a parent, editor,people in the community, etc.?
   · Format: What is the best way to present this writing: in a letter, an article, a report, apoem, an advertisement, e-mail, etc.?
   · Topic: Who or what is the subject of this writing: a famous scientist, a prehistoric cavedweller, a character from literature, a chemical element or physical object, etc.?
The RAFT strategy forces students to process information, rather than merely write out answers toquestions. Students are more motivated to undertake the writing assignment because it addresses various learning styles.
And from Reading Rockets (a great literacy site, by the way):
Why use RAFT?
•  It includes writing from different viewpoints.
•  It helps students learn important writing skills suchas audience, main idea, and organization.
•  It teaches students to think creatively about writing by responding to the following prompts: 

Role of the Writer: Who or whatare you as the writer? A pilgrim? A soldier? The President?

Audience: To whom are you writing? A friend? Your teacher? Readers of a newspaper? 

Format: In what format are you writing? A letter? A poem? A speech? 

Topic and strong verb: What are you writing about? Why? What's the subject or the point?
•  It can be used across various content areas
See theresearch that supports this strategy
AdLit.org. (2008). Raft Writing.
Mitchell, D. (1996).Writing to learn across the curriculum and the English teacher. EnglishJournal, 85, 93-97.
Santa, C., & Havens,L. (1995). Creating independence through student-owned strategies:Project CRISS. Dubuque, IA: Kendall Hunt.

0 Thoughts to “Raft Math Assignments For 1st

Leave a comment

L'indirizzo email non verrĂ  pubblicato. I campi obbligatori sono contrassegnati *