General Studies Essay Comprehension

This paper contains two parts - Part A and Part B. The exam is of 200 marks and the duration of the paper is 3 hours. 

Part A

Essay questions which are to be answered in long narrative form either in Hindi or English totaling 80 marks. The indicative topics are modern Indian history especially of the freedom struggle, geography, polity and economy, knowledge of security and human rights issues, and analytical ability.

Part B

Comprehension, précis writing, other communications and language skills. The paper is to be attempted in English only (marks 120). The topics are Comprehension passages, précis writing, developing counter arguments, simple grammar and other aspects of language testing.

Break-up of Paper

TopicQuestionsMarks
Essay Question in 800 wordsOne 80
Precis Writing Two 30 
Comprehension PassageTwo 40 
Counter Argument Two 10 
Report WritingOne20
Other Grammar Questions20
Total Marks200

Essay on Reading Comprehension

1328 Words6 Pages

Reading Comprehension In any interaction with a text, the text is pretty much useless unless the reader can comprehend the meaning of that text. Since narrative, expository, and poetic texts all have different reasons for being written, and different forms of presenting the text, different strategies are needed to comprehend these texts. There are also many reading strategies that can be used for all of these types of text. In order to describe strategies to help develop activities that facilitate comprehension of narrative, expository, and poetic texts one must first have an understanding of what comprehension means, they then need a better understanding of how the human brain works. “Comprehension is a creative, multifaceted…show more content…

If there are no changes in long-term memory, nothing has been understood or learned.” (Sweller, 2005) The competent comprehender is a skilled reader. “Skilled readers are those who actively and automatically construct meaning as they read; they are self-motivated and self-directed; they monitor their own comprehension by questioning, reviewing, revising, and rereading to enhance their overall comprehension.” (Douglas Fisher, 2011) One other skill that is crucial to being a skilled reader and comprehending text is the fluency with which a student reads. Teaching fluency skills is a very important aspect of helping a student comprehend what they are reading. If a student is using all of the short term memory decoding words and sentence stucture, there is very little left to work on the process for gaining meaning from the text. The most common strategies used to improve fluency are; adding vocabulary to the students long-term memory, activating background knowledge (schema), modeling, and having the student read.
So what are other strategies that can be used to help the non-skilled student comprehend what they are reading? “The most important comprehension strategies for struggling readers are activating background knowledge, determing importance, summarizing, questioning, visualizing and monitoring.” (Tompkins, 2010, p. 267)
Background knowledge helps the student with both fluency and the understanding

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