Informative on Hybrid Cars Essay
732 WordsApr 28th, 20133 Pages
Specific Purpose - To inform my audience about hybrid vehicles.
Central Idea - Hybrid car history and different platforms of hybrid vehicles.
I. A hybrid car is a vehicle with more than one power source such as a small internal combustion engine and an electric motor.
II. Most hybrids only use gasoline when needed. The electric motor, powered by a stack of rechargeable batteries, is the primary workhorse for propulsion under low-speed driving.
III. When you think of a hybrid vehicle, you may find yourself thinking Toyota Prius. 1. Toyota Prius was the first mass produced hybrid vehicle.
IV. According to Toyota Motor Corp. a hybrid system combines different power sources to maximize each…show more content…
1. A Mild-Parallel hybrid vehicle has an internal combustion engine that is equipped with an electric motor, both in parallel configuration, meaning they both provide propulsion to move the vehicle forward. This configuration allows the gasoline engine to be shut off while coasting, braking or being at a complete stop yet will restart with minimal delay.
A. Some mild hybrids will also be equipped with regenerative braking that will essentially charge the battery packs under braking.
B. Mild hybrids are not capable of exclusively operating on the Electric motor.
2. A Series hybrid platform, sometimes referred to as range-extending electric vehicles (REEV) incorporate a configuration by design to be operated mostly by the battery, but will have an ICE (Internal Combustion Engine) to recharge the battery when enduring a long drive.
B. Series hybrid’s only have electric motors to provide propulsion while maintaining an exceptionally high power to weight ratio providing enough torque over a broad range of speeds.
C. The gasoline engine drives an electric generator which charges the battery bank at which point the electric motor use the power from the battery bank to drive the vehicle.
In conclusion today I have informed you all about the first existence of the hybrid vehicle which was created by Ferdinand Porsche, known as the Elektromobil. The common types of configurations that are available, which include
Hybrid Cars vs. Electric Cars
Car buyers looking to purchase something different than just your typical gas engine vehicle may be interested in a hybrid or an electric car. They both offer great benefits most people may not enjoy on a regular basis. Unfortunately, both vehicles may cost you more than you are willing to spend depending on features. You may save money choosing one over the other, but in order to understand which one would benefit you the most, you may want to compare each vehicle to learn more about them and how they can be a good fit for your lifestyle.
Hybrid cars are known for helping the environment. They are efficient on fuel economy while reducing carbon footprints by keeping the air clean. Such cars are known to give owners better mileage and help fuel usage last a little longer. There are various models available by different car makers and there are electric versions that are made to help give the vehicle more power with the combined usage of gas engines and electric motors. The car is made with a rechargeable battery with the ability to recharge as the car is being driven. The hybrid is a unique innovation with special features such as periodic engine shut off and advanced aerodynamics.
The electric car is also unique as a vehicle that does not use gas, but instead, uses a special battery made with lithium. There is a limited amount of gas that is mixed with coal for additional fuel. There are special places to take your vehicle to be charged, which has been somewhat of a disadvantage for owners. Some mentioned there are not enough of these special charging stations, although more are being made available. Because of the type of battery the car uses it is considered more expensive, but it is quiet when it is on due to no emissions.
Hybrid cars are growing in popularity and seem more adaptable than the electric car. While most consumers are used to using gas as a form of fuel for their vehicle, the electric car has little in flexibility in this area. Many people like the idea of an electric car but some expected the concept to be simpler. Since the hybrid has an electric version some feel this version is easier to maintain and purchase versus the electric car. In time, the electric car may develop more benefits that could give it a better edge over the hybrid.