Paragraphs And Essays

Part I: Getting Ready to Write

1. Preparing to Learn About Writing

2. Thinking Through the Writing Process


Part II: Using Patterns of Organization to Develop Paragraphs

3. Understanding the Paragraph

4. The Descriptive Paragraph

5. The Narrative Paragraph

6. The Process Paragraph

7. The Example Paragraph

8. The Classification Paragraph

9. The Comparison and Contrast Paragraph

10. The Definition Paragraph

11. The Cause and Effect Paragraph

12. The Persuasive Paragraph


Part III: How to Write an Essay

13. Understanding the Essay

14. Effective Titles, Introductions, and Conclusions

15. Using Patterns of Organization to Develop Essays

16. Research Strategies and Resources


Part IV: The Basic Sentence

17. Nouns and Pronouns

18. Adjectives and Adverbs

19. Verbs

20. Subjects, Verbs, and Simple Sentences

21. Compound and Complex Sentences


Part V: Editing the Basic Sentence

22. Editing Run-ons: Comma Splices and Fused Sentences

23. Editing Fragments into Sentences

24. Editing Misplaced and Dangling Modifiers

25. Editing for Subject-Verb Agreement: Present Tense


Part VI: Revising to Improve Expression

26. Revising for Sentence Variety

27. Revising for Sentence Clarity: Person, Point of View, Number, and Tense

28. Revising for Parallelism

29. Revising for Effective Expression


Part VII: Punctuation and Mechanics

30. The Comma

31. The Apostrophe

32. Quotation Marks

33. End Punctuation: Period, Question Mark, and Exclamation Point

34. Capitalization

35. Improving Your Spelling


Part VIII: Reading Selections

What's the Point of Reading to Write?

Effective Strategies for Responding to Reading Selections

Nineteen Reading Selections


Rupert Brooke, Niagara Falls

Maya Lin, Maya Lin’s Design Submission to the Vietnam Memorial Competition


Luis J. Rodriguez, Latino Heritage Month: Who We Are . . . And Why We Celebrate?

Amy Tan, Confessions


Rebecca J. Donatelle, Managing Stress in College

Ernest Hemingway, Camping Out


Judith Ortiz Cofer, Don’t Call Me a Hot Tamale

Buzz Bissinger Football’s Bloodiest Secret


D. J. Henry,The Fundamentals of Forgiveness

Melissa Guitron, I Am Enough


Deborah Tannen, The Talk of the Sandbox; How Johnny and Suzy’s Playground Chatter Prepares Them for Life at the Office

Sergio Troncoso The Loss of Juárez: How Has the Violence in Juárez Changed Border Culture?


Jo Goodwin-Parker, What is Poverty?

Jan Hoffman, Cool at 13, Adrift at 23


Michael S. Malone, Through Young Eyes

Stephen King, Why We Crave Horror Movies


Malala Yousafzai, Nobel Lecture——The Nobel Peace Prize 2014

Bonnie Taub-DIx, Hungry vs. Healthy: The School Lunch Controversy


Libby Page, Can Virtual Classrooms Beat Face-to-Face Interaction?

Text Credits 670

Photo Credits




1917 Words/9.3 GE/1200L

629 Words/11.3 GE/1290L

1125 Words/13.6 GE/1340L

649 Words/4.4 GE/800L

2520 Words/10.2 GE/1080L

1053 Words/7.9 GE/1160L

2091 Words/10.4 GE/1200L

1418 Words/9.9 GE/



Lee Brandon, Mt. San Antonio College

Lee Brandon is the author of twelve college English textbooks with Cengage Learning, including the best-selling series, Sentences, Paragraphs, and Beyond with Integrated Readings, and Paragraphs and Essays with Integrated Readings and the highly successful At a Glance series. He has served as chair of the English Department at Mt. San Antonio College, where he taught for more than thirty years and occasionally still teaches. Few authors are as active in the promotion of their books as Lee Brandon, who regularly visits schools across the country and presents at professional conferences. Lee also has to his credit poems and short stories in magazines; songs recorded and in sheet music; a best-selling musical play for elementary school students (in print with Lorenz Music); a play produced by a college drama department; a published Ford Foundation grant project; a chapbook of ballads about his youth, Oklahoma, My Sweet Sorrow; a chapbook of ballads about his experience teaching for ten years in a high-security California women's prison, Butterflies on Barbwire; and newspaper articles about travel, adventures, and whimsical experiences.

Kelly Brandon, Santa Ana College

Kelly Brandon is a partner in the father-son writing team for two best-selling series, Sentences, Paragraphs, and Beyond with Integrated Readings and Paragraphs and Essays with Integrated Readings, as well as the At a Glance books. He is a tenured professor of English at Santa Ana College, where he has taught for twenty-four years. His B.A. is from the University of California at Los Angeles and his M.A. is from the University of California at Santa Barbara. For recreation he does bodybuilding, backpacks, plays the clarinet, drives his fully restored 1953 yellow and white Chevrolet Bel Air, listens to music, and reads eclectically and voraciously.

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